Linux – The mkdir Command



Use mkdir to make a directory

$ mkdir {directory}
$ mkdir newdir
$ mkdir –p newdir1/newdir2/newdir3

NOTE: You have to either be the owner of the file or have write permissions to the directory containing the new directory!

  • mkdir – make directory
  • This creates a directory.
  • Capitalize the first letter of any directory to make identifying a directory with ls easier.
    • mkdir [new directory name]
    • Example:  mkdir Temp
  • You can create multiple directories with a single command
    • Example: mkdir Temp1 Temp2 Temp3



Linux man page – mkdir

MKDIR(1)                                                User Commands                                                MKDIR(1)

       mkdir - make directories

       mkdir [OPTION]... DIRECTORY...

       Create the DIRECTORY(ies), if they do not already exist.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       -m, --mode=MODE
              set file mode (as in chmod), not a=rwx - umask

       -p, --parents
              no error if existing, make parent directories as needed

       -v, --verbose
              print a message for each created directory

       -Z, --context=CTX
              set the SELinux security context of each created directory to CTX

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       Written by David MacKenzie.

       Report mkdir bugs to
       GNU coreutils home page: <>
       General help using GNU software: <>
       Report mkdir translation bugs to <>

       Copyright   ©   2013   Free   Software   Foundation,   Inc.    License   GPLv3+:   GNU   GPL   version   3   or  later
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent  permitted  by


       The  full  documentation  for  mkdir  is  maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and mkdir programs are properly
       installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'mkdir invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.21                                        March 2014                                                 MKDIR(1)


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